Home      Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a very common condition affecting up to 10 per cent of women between 16 and 50 years of age, around 2 million women in the UK. In severe cases, formation of connecting tissues around endometriosis near the Fallopian tubes or ovaries may reduce fertility.

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue (endometrium) normally lining the womb (or uterus) grows on different organs outside the uterus. Endometriosis can cause the fallopian tubes to become blocked, preventing the sperm from reaching and fertilizing the egg. Some theorize that Endometriosis can secrete toxins that can reduce fertility. Endometriosis is a long term (chronic) condition, which can produce many varying symptoms, if at all.

The common symptoms of endometriosis are;

• Painful or heavy periods

• Pain in the lower abdomen (tummy), pelvis or lower back

• Pain during sexual intercourse

• Bleeding between periods

Other symptoms for those affected more severely by endometriosis may also experience (depending upon the location of the endometriosis) are;

• Discomfort when urinating

• Bleeding from your back passage (rectum)

• Bowel blockage (if the endometriosis tissue is in the intestines)

• Coughing blood (if the endometriosis tissue is in the lung)

The cause Endometriosis is not clear, however a leading theory is retrograde menstruation. This backward flow of menstrual bleeding through the tubes and into the pelvis might cause the Endometrial cells to implant on the ovaries, uterus and other non-reproductive abdominal organs. Researchers also think that it could be genetic, since female family members sometimes share the condition.

There is no cure for Endometriosis and although it is linked to infertility. Fortunately, most women with endometriosis have a mild form of the disease and their fertility is not impaired. Once pregnant, most women's endometriosis gets better under the influence of the constant high levels of female hormones produced in pregnancy.

There are many treatments available to help those living with endometriosis. Medical treatment of endometriosis aims to stop the fluctuations in the woman's own hormone levels in an effort to remove the stimulation for growth of the endometriosis


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